Terms and Condition

1. INTRODUCTION
(1) This Agreement is between you, the client and us, Dabbl Group Limited. In this Agreement we may refer to ourselves as ‘we’, ‘us’, ‘our’, ‘ours’ and ‘ourselves’ as appropriate. Similarly, you, the client may be referred to as ‘you’, ‘your’, ‘yours’ and ‘yourself’ as appropriate. This Agreement will govern all Instructions to Deal received from you, all Transactions entered by us on your behalf and the custody of Instruments bought on your behalf or transferred to us on your behalf.

(2) Dabbl Group Limited is an Appointed Representative (Financial Conduct Authority (“FCA”) Firm Reference Number 767263) of its Principal Firm, VIBHS Financial Limited (FCA Firm Reference Number 613381) who are authorised and regulated to conduct designated investment business in the UK by the FCA. The FCA’s registered address is 25 The North Colonnade, Canary Wharf, London E14 5HS. Our registered address is Wey Court West, Union Road, Farnham, Surrey, Gu9 7PT. Our contact details are set out in teamdabbl@dabblinvest.com.

(3) We will act as your execution-only broker and will provide all Share Dealing and investment services. VIBHS Financial Limited (“VIBHS”) (FCA registration number 613381) will hold, control and administer any client money received from you. Winterflood Securities Limited (“WSL”) (FCA registration number 141455) will hold and administer your Instruments as custodian. We, VIBHS and/or WSL may delegate certain obligations under this Agreement to our/their Associated Companies and/or third parties.

(4) Our Share Dealing service is not suitable for everyone. A full explanation of the risks associated with our Share Dealing service is set out in the Risk Disclosure Notice and you should ensure you fully understand such risks before entering into this Agreement with us.

(5) Before you invest, you should read this Agreement carefully, including the Product Details, Summary Order Execution Policy, Summary Conflicts Policy, Risk Disclosure Notice, Privacy Notice and any other documents that we have supplied or in the future do supply to you.

(6) Your attention is drawn to those Terms that are highlighted in bold as well as to the representations and warranties (legal confirmations and assurances) given by you in Terms 8(2), 8(4), 10(12), 10(18), 19(1) and 20(1) of this Agreement.

(7) Before you begin to issue Instructions to Deal to us, we will take all reasonable stepsto provide you with a clear explanation of all Commission, Charges and Taxes for which you will be liable. These costs will affect your trading net profits (if any) or increase your losses. See Terms 4(6), 4(7), 5, 10(16), 11(9), 11(16) and 16 for further details.

(8) Nothing in this Agreement will exclude or restrict any duty or liability owed by us to you under the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (as amended) or the FCA Rules and if there is any conflict between this Agreement and the FCA Rules, the FCA Rules will prevail.

(9) This Agreement will come into effect on the date we open your account, and, for any new versions thereafter, on the date we notify you. This Agreement is supplied to you in English and we will communicate with you in English for the duration of thisAgreement.

(10) In this Agreement, certain words and expressions have the meanings set out in Term 29.

2. THE SERVICES WE WILL PROVIDE AND DEALINGS BETWEEN YOU ANDUS
(1) This Agreement sets out the basis on which we will receive and handle Instructions to Deal from you, enter into Transactions on your behalf and hold Instruments and money on your behalf. This Agreement governs each Instruction to Deal issued or outstanding and each Transaction entered into or outstanding on or after this Agreement comes into Transactions on your behalf and hold Instruments and money on your behalf. This Agreement governs each Instruction to Deal issued or outstanding and each Transaction entered into or outstanding on or after this Agreement comes into effect and all Instruments and money held by us on your behalf on or after this Agreement comes into effect. Except as indicated in the Statement we send to you, we will act on your behalf to execute your Instructions to Deal asprincipal.

(2) We shall treat you as a Retail Clientsubject to the following:

(a) If you satisfy the definition of Professional Client or Eligible Counterparty (each as defined in the FCA Rules), we may notify you that we will treat you assuch;

(b) You may request a different client categorisation from the one we have allocated to you, but please be aware that we may decline such a request. If you do request a different categorisation and we agree to such a request, you may lose the protection afforded by certain FCA Rules; and

(c) If we elect to treat you, or you request to be treated, as an Eligible Counterparty, the terms of this Agreement will be supplemented and modified by a Supplementary Schedule of Conditions for Eligible Counterparties, which we will advise you of and by which you hereby agree to bebound.

(3) You will provide us with Instructions to Deal as principal and not as agent for any undisclosed person. This means that unless we have otherwise agreed in writing, we will treat you as our client for all purposes and you will be responsible for performing your obligations under each Instruction to Deal issued by you or on your behalf and each Transaction entered by us on your behalf, whether you are dealing with us directly or through an agent. If you act in connection with or on
behalf of someone else, whether you identify that person to us, we will not accept that person as an indirect client of ours and we will accept no obligation to them unless otherwise specifically agreed in writing.

(4) Dealings with you will be carried out by us on a non-advised basis (i.e., an ‘execution only’ basis) and you agree that, unless otherwise provided in this Agreement, we are under noobligation:

(a) to satisfy ourselves as to the suitability of any Instrument or Transaction for you;

(b) to monitor or advise you on the status of any Instruction to Deal;

(c) to monitor or advise you of the status of Instruments held by us on your behalf; or (d) (except where the Applicable Regulations require) to cancel any Instructions to Deal or sell any Instruments you have purchased and that we hold on your behalf.

(5) We are not providing you with any investment, legal, regulatory or other form of advice. You may wish to seek independent advice in relation to any Transaction you propose to Enter into under this Agreement. You are required to rely on your own judgement in entering into, or refraining from, providing us with an Instruction to Deal or from entering into, or refraining from entering into, a Transaction.

Further,
you are not entitled to ask us to provide you with investment advice relating to an Instrument, Instruction to Deal or a Transaction or to make any statement of opinion to encourage you to enter into a Transaction.

(6) We may, at our absolute discretion, provide information:
(a) In relation to any Instrument, Instruction to Deal or Transaction about which you have enquired, particularly regarding procedures and risks attaching to that Instrument, Instruction to Deal or Transaction and ways of minimising risk; and

(b) By way of factual market information,
however, we will be under no obligation to disclose such information to you and in the event of us supplying such information it will not constitute investment advice.

If, notwithstanding the fact that dealings between you and
us are on an execution only basis, a dealer employed by us nevertheless makes a
statement of opinion (whether in response to your request or otherwise) regarding
any Instrument, Instruction to Deal or Transaction, you agree that it is not
reasonable for you to nor will you be entitled to, rely on such statement as, and that
it will not constitute, investment advice.

(7) You acknowledge that the Product Details that apply at the time when you Buy or Sell an Instrument will be those displayed on our website(s), which may be updated from time to time.

(8) Whether or not you and we have entered this Agreement by distance means, you are not entitled to cancel this Agreement (but you can
terminate it as set out in Term 26(3)).

3. CONFLICTS OFINTEREST
(1) You acknowledge that we and our Associated Companies provide a diverse range of financial services to a broad range of clients and counterparties and circumstances may arise in which we, our Associated Companies, or a Relevant Person may have a material interest in a Transaction or where a conflict of interest may arise between your interests and those of other clients or counterparties or of ourselves, our Associated Companies or a RelevantPerson. 

(2) We are required by law to take all appropriate steps to identify conflicts of interests between ourselves, our Associated Companies and Relevant Persons and our clients, or between one client and another, that arise in the course of us providing our investment services. The following are examples of such material interests and conflictsofinterests: 

(a) We may effect or arrange for the effecting of a Transaction with you or on your behalf in connection with which we, our Associated Companies, or a Relevant Person may have other direct or indirect material interests; 

(b) Subject to the FCA Rules, we may pay to and accept from third parties (and not be liable to account to you) benefits, commissions or remunerations which are paid or received as a result of Transactions conducted by you; 

(c) We or any of our Associated Companies may make a market which is related to the Underlying Market in relation to which you enter into Transactions under this Agreement; 

(d) We or any of our Associated Companies may deal in the Underlying Market to which your Transactions relate as principal for our own account or that of someone else; and (e) We or any of our Associated Companies may give investment advice or provide other services to another client about or concerning the Underlying Market in relation to which you enter a Transaction. 

(3) We operate a policy of independence which requires our employees to act in your best interests and to disregard any conflicts of interests in providing our services to you. In addition, we have in place organisational and administrative controls to manage the conflicts of interests identified above such that we can be reasonably confident that risks of damage to clients because of any conflict will be prevented. These organisational and administrative controls are set out in our Conflicts Policy, a summary of which (our Summary Conflicts Policy) is available on our website or by post on request.

(4) Other than the general circumstances set out in Term 3(2) above, we are not under an obligation to disclose that we, our Associated Companies or Relevant Persons have a material interest in a Transaction, or that in a particular circumstance a conflict of interest exists, provided we have managed such conflicts in accordance with our Conflicts Policy. Where we do not consider that the arrangements under our Conflicts
Policy are sufficient to manage any conflict, then as a last resort, we will inform you of the nature of the conflict and any steps taken to mitigate the risk arising from such conflict, so that you can decide how to proceed. We are not under any obligation to account to you for any profit, commission or remuneration made or received from or by reason of Transactions or circumstances in which we, our Associated Companies or a Relevant Person has a material interest or where in particular circumstances a conflict of interest may exist.

(5) You acknowledge that you are aware of the possibility that the conflicts disclosed in this Term will arise and consent to us acting notwithstanding such conflict.

4. DEALINGSERVICES
(1) You will enter into a Transaction by ‘buying’ or ‘selling’. In this Agreement a Transaction that is entered into by ‘buying’ is referred to as a ‘Buy’; a Transaction that is entered by ‘selling’ is referred to as a ‘Sell’. A Transaction will always be made for a specified number of Instruments.

(2) We will provide you with the Buy and Sell prices for Instruments in the Underlying Market.

(3) We may receive your Instruction to Deal either orally by telephone or electronically via our Electronic Trading Services or by such other means as we may from time to time notify to you. We do not currently accept Instructions to Deal by email. Our quoting of a Buy or Sell price for each Instrument (whether by telephone, Electronic Trading Service, or otherwise) does not constitute an offer to execute your Transaction at those prices on your behalf. An Instruction to Deal will be initiated by you offering to Buy or Sell an Instrument in a specified quantity and with reference to a specific order type. Instructions to Deal form a commitment which may only subsequently be revoked by you with our prior consent (such consent will not be unreasonably withheld) at any time before the Instruction to Deal is executed. We will confirm to you whether we have accepted or rejected an Instruction to Deal. The acceptance of an Instruction to Deal will be evidenced by our confirmation of its terms to you. 

(4) If an Instruction to Deal is accepted, we will confirm to you whether a Transaction results in the Underlying Market, being the partial or full fill of your Instruction to Deal. We will attempt to execute all eligible Instructions to Deal as soon as reasonably practicable. There is no guarantee that your Instruction to Deal will be filled in full or in part in the Underlying Market. Where a delay occurs because we are unable to interact with the relevant Underlying Market for any reason, we will attempt to execute the Instruction to Deal as soon as reasonably practicable. You acknowledge and accept that the market price of any Instrument may have moved during the time between our receipt and acceptance of your Instruction to Deal and our attempt to execute your Instruction to Deal. In these circumstances, the third party who has provided the quotation to us is not obliged to honour the indicative price you have received and, if that is the case, we may reject your Instruction to Deal. Such movements in price may be in your favour or against you.

(5) Unless we agree otherwise, all sums payable by you pursuant to Terms 5(1) andare due immediately and must be paid on entering into the Transaction and will be paid in accordance withTerm 16.

(6) If you Buy an Instrument,the consideration forthe Transaction and, in addition, Commission payable and all applicable Charges and Taxes to that Transaction will be your responsibility and will be deducted from your account and held by us pending settlement. Monies deducted will not be treated as client money on the day of expected settlement. If settlement does not occur on the day of expected settlement the monies will be treated as client money. It is your responsibility to ensure at all times that sufficient cleared funds are on your account to satisfy settlement of any Transaction and all Commission, Charges and Taxes associated with that Transaction.

(7) If you Sell an Instrument, the consideration for the Transaction less Commission and all applicable Charges and Taxes to that Transaction will be available on your account for reinvestment but will be unable to be withdrawn from your account until the Transaction has settled. It is your responsibility to ensure at all times that sufficient cleared funds are on your accountto satisfy settlement of any Transaction and all Commission, Charges and Taxes associated with thatTransaction.

(8) Each Instruction to Deal or Transaction entered into by you will be binding on you notwithstanding that by entering into the Instruction to Deal or Transaction, as applicable, you may have exceeded any limit applicable to you or in respectof your dealings withus.

(9) By using such Orders, you expressly acknowledge and agree that it is your responsibility to understand how an Order operates before you place any such Order with us and that you will not place an Order unless you fully understand the terms and conditions attached to such Order. Details about how Orders work are available from uson request.

5. FEES AND COMMISSIONS
(1) When you open an account, you can decide to pay a monthly or annual subscription fee, as described in the Costs and Charges section of our website.

(2) Other costs and charges, including the Commission that you pay when you enter into a transaction and a monthly administration fee based on the value of your portfolio and card loading fees are set out in the Costs and Charges section of our website. We reserve the right to make changes to our Costs and Charges without notice to you provided they are set out in the Costs and Charges section of our website

(3) Youmay, at any time, request details of our Costs and Charges from us.

(4) The applicable Costs and Charges and Taxes that you may incur when Buying, Selling or holding an Instrument using our service depend on the Underlying Market and the Instrument being bought, sold or held. Additional charges may also be incurred by you in the case of delayed or failed settlement of a Transaction. Any such amounts will be your responsibility and where
appropriate will be deducted from your account.

(5) We may charge you for the provision by us to you of market data or any other account feature orsuch other Charges as we reasonably advise you from time totime.

(6) You must pay, or reimburse, us for any Costs and Charges or Taxes applicable, now orin the future, to your Instructionsto Deal or Transactions and any Taxes applicable, now or in the future, on any Commission or Costs and Charges payable by you pursuant to this Agreement and we reserve the right to set off any outstanding Cost and Charges or Taxes against any monies in your
account.

6. REFUSING OR CANCELLING YOUR INSTRUCTIONS TO DEAL
(1) We may, acting reasonably, refuse to accept an Instruction to Deal where: 

(a) You do not have sufficient funds on your account to cover the cost of the Transaction (including all Commission, Charges, Taxes and any amount in addition to the current price ofthe Instrument(s)that we reasonably consider may benecessary) or there are any outstanding/unpaid Costs and Charges; 
(b) The Instruction to Deal is not made in accordance with Term 15(1); 
(c) You have exceeded any limit applicable to you or in respect of yourdealings with us; 
(d) We are concerned that the Instruction to Deal may not have come from you or an authorised person on your behalf; 
(e) By carrying out the Instruction, we or an Associated Company may be in breach of Applicable Regulations, law, rule, regulation or Term; or 
(f) We want to check the instruction with you for some reason (e.g., suspected fraud). 

(2) Unless Applicable Regulations prevent us from doing so, we will use reasonable efforts to tell you our reason for refusing to act on an Instruction to Deal and what you can do to correct that Instruction to Deal. 

(3) If we accept an Order and then an event takes place which means that it is no longer reasonable for us to act on that Order, we will be entitled to disregard or cancel your Order. If we disregard or cancel your Order, then we shall not have any liability to you as a result of such action and we shall not re-enter that Order. Examples include but are not limited to: 

(a) A change in the Applicable Regulations, so that the Order or the Transaction to which the Order relatesis no longer in compliance with the Applicable Regulations; 
(b) For Orders relating to Shares, an event takes place in respect of the company whose shares represent all or part of the subject matter of the Order, for example, a corporate event, dividend or the insolvency of the company; or 
(c) If we cease to offer the Order you have requested. 

(4) We may be required to cancel a Transaction if requested by an Exchange or may be required to cancel an Instruction to Deal if requested or recommended by an Exchange and you agree to use all reasonable endeavours to assist us.

7. JOINT ACCOUNTS
(1) If you open a joint account:
(a) References to you, your, yours, yourself are references to any one or all persons in whose name the joint account is held;

(b) We may act upon Instructions to Deal received from any one person who is, or reasonably appears or purports to be, named on the joint account;

(c) We may disclose information (including, for the avoidance of doubt, personal information) provided by one joint account holder to one or all the other persons in whose name the joint account is held;

(d) We may give any notice or communication to any one or all persons in whose names the joint ccount is held and any notice or communication, made to any one person, shall be deemed as having been given to all joint account holders;

(e) Each joint account holdershall be jointly and severally liable for any financial obligations including losses, fees or charges) arising on their joint account.
This means that any monies owed to us in relation to this Agreement shall be payable in full by one or any of the other persons in whose names the joint account is held; and 

(f) Our rights under this Agreement shall apply in respect of all joint account holders.

8. TRANSACTION RESTRICTIONS AND REPORTING REQUIREMENTS

PROHIBITION ON GOING SHORT
(1) You may only sell Instruments held on your account whether settled or unsettled at the time of sale. If you have entered into an Instruction to Deal to Sell an Instrument that you do not own at the time of the sale and that is not held on your account whether settled or unsettled at the time of sale, you authorise us to either cancel that Instruction to Deal if it has not already been executed, or, if the Instruction to Deal has been executed, purchase the equivalent Instrument in the equivalent quantity on your behalf and at your expense and you agree that you shall be liable for any associated fines or charges incurred by us or you.
http://dabbl-prelaunch-c5216322b13a0c5e8136563.webflow.io/the-legal-bit/execution-policy
(2) You warrant and represent that you will use reasonable endeavours to ensure that any nstructions to Deal placed by you with us are consistent with accepted market practice and conduct in the applicable Underlying Market.

US SHARES
(3) Although you have warranted herein (Term 19(10)) that for FATCA purposes you have no link to he USA, we may ask you to sign the relevant US tax form before we accept an Instruction to Deal from you to Buy an Instrument in relation to Shares listed in the US. If you have not previously provided us with a valid US tax form and you already hold US Shares, we will ask you to complete the relevant US tax form. If you do not return the signed and completed US tax form before the date we specify (usually 30 days), we reserve the right to sell your US Shares.

KEY INVESTOR INFORMATION DOCUMENT (KIID) AND KEY INFORMATION DOCUMENT (KID)
(4) If you instruct us to purchase an exchange traded fund or any other Instrument that has a Key investor Information Document (‘KIID’) or Key Information Document (‘KID’) we will require that you have read the relevant KIID or KID before we can execute your Transaction. You warrant and represent that you will read any applicable KIID or KID prior to issuing us with an Instruction to Deal. You agree to any KID or KIID being provided to you in electronic format.

AGENTS
(5) Without prejudice to our right to rely and act on communications from your agent under Term 15(4), and further to Term 6, we will not be under any duty to attempt to execute any Instruction to Deal or accept and act in accordance with any communication if we reasonably believe that such agent may be acting in excess of its authority. Nothing in this Term will be construed as placing us under a duty to enquire about the authority of an agent who purportsto represent you.

SITUATIONS NOT COVERED BY THIS AGREEMENT
(6) If that a situation arises that is not covered under these Terms or the Product Details, we will resolve the matter based on good faith and fairness and, where appropriate, by taking such action asis consistent with market practice.

9. EXECUTION

BEST EXECUTION
(1) We will take all sufficient steps to provide you with best execution in accordance with the FCA Rules and our Order Execution Policy when we execute Transactions on your behalf. The arrangements we put in place to give you best execution are summarised in our Summary Order Execution Policy which is provided on our website. Unless you notify us to the contrary, you will be deemed to consent to our Order Execution Policy when this Agreement comes into effect. If you do not consent, we reserve the right to refuse to provide our services to you. The terms of the Order Execution Policy will apply when we are executing Instructions to Deal on your behalf. We may amend our Order Execution Policy from time to time and may notify you of any material amendments by giving written notice or posting them on our website or on one of our Electronic Trading Services.

AGGREGATION
(2) We may aggregate Instructions to Deal received from our clients. Aggregation means that we may combine your Instruction to Deal with those of other clients of ours for execution as a single order. We may combine your Instruction to Deal with those of other clients if we reasonably believe that this is in the overall best interests of our clients. However, on occasions, aggregation may result in you obtaining a less favourable price once your Instruction to Deal has been executed. You acknowledge and agree that we shall not have any liability to you because of any such less favourable price being obtained.

(3) In addition to what is set out in Term 9(2), we offer the ability to aggregate Instructions to Deal. If you chose this option we will use our reasonable endeavours to aggregate your Instruction to Deal with those of other clients of ours for execution as a single order at or as near to 3pm as practical and as we determine, acting reasonably. Our obligations with regard to best execution, as set out in Term 9(1), shall be determined by the time of the aggregation, not by the time the Instruction to Deal is received.

RETAIL SERVICE PROVIDERS
(4) You agree that Retail Service Providers may not agree to accept an Instruction to Deal at the prices that they quote from time to time.

OFF EXCHANGE
(5) We may deal through Exchanges and several Retail Service Providers and Market Makers. We may place your Instructionsto Deal outside of an Exchange if this satisfies our Order Execution Policy. By signing this Agreement, you agree to us entering into Transactions on your behalf outside a regulated market or a Multilateral Trading Facility.

THIRD PARTIES
(6) We may, at our reasonable discretion, arrange for Instructions to Deal to be executed with or through a third party. We will not be liable to you for any act or omission of any such third party, except where we have acted negligently, fraudulently or in willful default in relation to the appointment of the third party.

LIMIT ORDERS
(7) We will publish a Limit Order if it relates to shares admitted to trading on a regulated market and that order cannot immediately be executed under prevailing market conditions, unless we expressly agree not to publish your unexecuted Limit Orders.

REGULATORY REPORTING
(8) We may be obliged under Applicable Regulations to make public certain information regarding our Transactions with you. You acknowledge and agree that we are entitled to disclose such information and that such information held by us shall be oursole and exclusive property.

(9) You agree to provide us with all information that we may reasonably request for the purpose of complying with our obligations under Applicable Regulations and that you consent for us to provide to any third party such information about you and your relationship with us pursuant to this Agreement (including but not limited to your Transactions, money or assets on your account) as we consider, acting reasonably, appropriate or as required to comply with any Applicable Regulation or Term of this Agreement.

(10) If you are a legal entity, you agree that you will, and if you don’t we may, obtain a Legal Entity Identifier (LEI) on your behalf. You agree that we may do so if we consider that it is necessary to allow you to enter into Transactions with us and that we may pass on to you any charge we incur to obtain a Legal Entity Identifier (LEI) on your behalf and to levy an administration charge to cover our costs in doing so. Please contact one of our employees for this information or visit our website.

10. ELECTRONIC TRADINGSERVICES
(1) You are responsible for ensuring that your use of the Electronic Trading Services is compliant with this Agreement and all Applicable Regulations which apply to your use of our Electronic Trading Services. For the avoidance of doubt, unless we advise you otherwise or decide otherwise, we will only accept an Instruction to Deal placed via our Electronic Trading Services.

(2) We have no obligation to accept, or to subsequently execute, or cancel an Instruction to Deal that you seek to issue to us or cancel through an Electronic Trading Service. Without limitation of the foregoing, we have no responsibility for transmissions that are inaccurate or not received by us, and we may execute any Instructionsto Deal on the termsreceived by us.

(3) You authorise us to act on any instruction given or appearing to be given by you using the Security Details and received by us in relation to any Electronic Trading Service you use. We are not obliged to act on any such instruction, or to execute any Instruction to Deal, and need not give any reasons for declining to do so.
Instructions to Deal that you give form a commitment which may only subsequently be amended or revoked by you with our prior consent (such consent will not be unreasonably withheld) at any time before the Instruction to Deal is executed. You will be responsible for the genuineness and accuracy, both as to content and form, of any instruction received by us.

(4) You acknowledge we have the right, unilaterally and with immediate effect, to suspend or terminate (at any time, with or without cause or prior notice) all or any part of any Electronic Trading Service, or your access to any Electronic Trading Service, to change the nature, composition or availability of any Electronic Trading Service, or to change the limits we set on the trading you may conduct through any Electronic Trading Service.

(5) In accordance with Term 4, all prices shown on any Electronic Trading Service are quotes, are subject to constant change and do not result in the initiation of a Transaction unlessthe processin Term 4 is followed.

ACCESS
(6) Use of any high speed or automated mass data entry system with any Electronic Trading Service will only be permitted with our prior written consent exercised in our solediscretion.

(7) In respect of a direct market access system to any Exchange in respect of which you may submit orders or receive information or data using any Electronic Trading Service, you agree that we may require that you provide us with information in relation to you and your use or intended use of this service. You further agree that we may monitor your use of this system, we may require you to comply with certain conditions in relation to your use and may at our absolute discretion remove your access to this service at any time.

(8) Where we permit electronic communications between you and us those communications will be subject to Term 15 or any rules as we determine and post on our website.

(9) You are required to test any customised interface prior to using it in a live environment and you agree you will be responsible for any errors or failure in your implementation of the interface protocol. Use of any customised interface shall be subject to our prior written consent exercised in our sole discretion.

USE OF ELECTRONIC TRADING SERVICES
(10) Where we grant you access to an Electronic Trading Service we shall grant you, for the term of this Agreement, a personal, limited, non-exclusive, revocable, non-transferable and non-sublicensable licence to use that Electronic Trading Service pursuant to and in strict accordance with this Agreement. We may provide certain portions of our Electronic Trading Services under licence from third parties, and you will comply with any additional restrictions on your usage that we may communicate to you from time to time, or that are otherwise the subject of an agreement between you and such licensors.

(11) We are providing Electronic Trading Services to you only for your personal use and only for the purposes, and subject to the terms, of this Agreement. You may not sell, lease, or provide, directly or indirectly, any Electronic Trading Service or any portion of any Electronic Trading Service to any third party except as permitted by this Agreement. You acknowledge that all proprietary rights in our Electronic Trading Services are owned by us or by any applicable third-party licensors or service providers engaged by us to provide an Electronic Trading Service, and are protected under copyright, trademark and other intellectual property laws and other applicable law. You receive no copyright, intellectual property rights or other rights in or to any Electronic Trading Service, except those specifically set out in this Agreement. You will protect and not violate those proprietary rights in our Electronic Trading Services and honour and comply with our reasonable requests to
protect our and our third-party service providers’ contractual, statutory and common law rights in our Electronic Trading Services. If you become aware of any violation of our or our third-party service providers’ proprietary rights in any Electronic Trading Service, you will notify us in writing immediately.

SOFTWARE
(12) You represent and warrant that you will not use any automated software, algorithm or trading strategy other than those that we make available to you on our Electronic Trading Services without our prior written consent. If we agree to allow you to use any such techniques, you agree that we may require you to comply with certain conditions in connection with your use of such techniques
and that we may withdraw our consent at any time without prior notice to you.

(13) In the event that you receive any data, information or software via an Electronic Trading Service other than that which you are entitled to receive pursuant to this Agreement, you will immediately notify us and will not use, in any way whatsoever, such data, information or software.

(14) You will take all reasonable steps to ensure that no computer viruses, worms, software bombs or similar items are introduced into the System or software you use to access our Electronic Trading Services.

(15) We and our licensors (as the case may be) will retain the intellectual property rights in all elements of the Software and such software and databases contained within the Electronic Trading Services and you will not in any circumstances, obtain title or interest in such elements other than as set out in this Agreement.

MARKET DATA
(16) With respect to any market data or other information that we or any third-party service provider provide to you in connection with your use of any Electronic Trading Services, you agree that: 

(a) we and any such provider are not responsible or liable if any such data or information is inaccurate or incomplete in any respect;
(b) we and any such provider are not responsible or liable for any actions that you take or do not take based on such data or information; 
(c) you will use such data or information solely for the purposes set out in this Agreement; 
(d) such data or information is proprietary to us and any such provider and you will not retransmit, redistribute, publish, disclose or display in whole or in part such data or information to third parties except as required by Applicable Regulations or as agreed between us; 
(e) you will use such data or information solely in compliance with the Applicable Regulations; 
(f) you will pay such market data Charges and any applicable Taxes (if applicable, for direct market access for example) associated with your use of an Electronic Trading Service or use of market data as we inform you from time to time; 

(g) you will notify us if you are not or are no longer a non- professional user for market data purposes (further details about the definition of non-professional user are available from one of our employees on request);
(h) we may require that you provide us with information in relation to you and your use or intended use of market data; 
(i) we may monitor your use of our market data;
(j) we may require you to comply with certain conditions in relation to your use of market data; and (k) we may at our absolute discretion remove your access to market data at anytime.

(17) In addition to the above, in respect of certain types of Exchange data that you elect to receive via any of our Electronic Trading Services, you hereby agree to any terms and conditions relating to the redistribution and use of such data that we may provide to you from time to time.

(18) Certain Exchanges require that their Exchange data will not be viewed or accessed by you on more than one System at any one time. You warrant and represent that you will comply with any restrictions that we apply in relation to your access of the Electronic Trading Service and ability to view Exchange data from time to time.

11. PROVISION OF INFORMATION, VOTING RIGHTS, INTEREST,DIVIDENDS AND CORPORATE EVENTS
PROVISION OF INFORMATION
(1) We will not and are not obliged to arrange for you to receive the report, accounts and other information issued by a company or to notify you of or arrange attendance at any annual general meetings or extraordinary general meetings applicable to your Instruments.

VOTING RIGHTS
(2) We will not and are not obliged to tell you of or arrange the exercise of any voting rights attaching to Instruments we hold on your behalf, whether exercisable at an annual general meeting or otherwise.

INTEREST
(3) Any income payments or tax credits that we collect on your behalf will be credited to your account as soon as is practicable. We will not be liable for any loss of interest due to any delay outside our control in crediting any income to your account. Income payments will usually be credited in cash net of applicable Taxes.

DIVIDENDS
(4) We will be responsible for claiming and receiving dividends, interest payments and other income payments accruing to your Instruments we hold on your behalf.

(5) We are not obliged to, but we may offer you any dividend reinvestment plans available or any scrip option or stock dividend offered for Instruments that we hold on your behalf. However, any such decision will not take account of your personal tax position. Generally, you will receive the cash default option.

(6) We may, but are not obliged to, offer you any other rights or special offers that are made available to holders of Instruments.

(7) We may at our election claim or reclaim tax credits on dividends or other income on foreign securities. To deal in US securities, you will be required to first provide us with a valid US tax form. You have an on-going obligation to inform us if your tax status changes.

(8) As we will hold your Instruments in one or more pooled accounts, you may receive dividends or distributions net of applicable Taxes which has been paid or withheld at rates that are less beneficial than those that might apply if the Instruments were held in your own name or not pooled.

CORPORATE EVENTS
(9) A corporate action is something which will bring about a change to the Instruments you hold, such as a rights entitlement issue. If there is a corporate action on Instruments we hold on your behalf, we will use reasonable efforts to contact you, however you acknowledge that there may be situations where it is impractical to do so. We shall be under no duty to tell you of or act upon any
corporate event until the relevant Instruments are registered in the name of our nominee. Only information issued through the applicable Exchange or the registrars will be relayed to you.

(10) You must return any valid election correspondence in respect of a corporate action by the deadline specified by us. This may not correspond with the deadline set by the registrars. It is your responsibility to ensure you have sufficient monies on your account to satisfy any purchase of securities pursuant to a corporate action.
Where securities or cash are due to you because of a corporate action, these will be credited to your account as soon as reasonably possible after we receive them.
Elections received in respect of corporate actions are deemed to be irrevocable and final. If we have not received a valid election correspondence from you by the relevant date, we will use reasonable efforts to act in accordance with the default terms of the registrars, except in such a case that we have specified an alternative default option and/or in the following circumstances:

(a) in respect of take-overs, we will use reasonable effortsto accept the default terms of an offer after the offer has been declared wholly unconditional or unconditional in all respects. You will be notified accordingly on receipt of the proceeds of the offer;and 

(b) in the event of a Share held on your account altering the exchange on which it is listed, we will use reasonable efforts to return the shareholding to you in certificated form. The charges set out in the Product Details will apply to the production of certificates for you.

(11) Where a corporate event results in a fractional entitlement to part of a Share, then we will aggregate those fractional entitlements and sell such fractional Shares and credit your account with a cash value which may be subject to a minimum charge. Details of this charge are set out in the Product Details.

(12) Where corporate events (such as partial redemptions) affect some but not all nominee Instruments held in a pooled account, we shall allocate the Instruments which are affected to relevant clients in such a fair and equitable manner as we reasonably consider is appropriate.

(13) If the terms of a corporate event require an election to be made on behalf of our entire nominee holding in a company, we reserve the right not to offer an option to you, where it is reasonable to do so. We will use reasonable endeavours to give you an alternative option, but we cannot guarantee that this will match the options offered by that company.

(14) We will reflect a corporate event on your account as soon as practicable after we have received confirmation that the corporate event has been completed from our custodians.

(15) If we are notified of a class action or group litigation that is being proposed or taken concerning Instruments that our nominee is holding, or has held, on your behalf, we are not required to tell you about this or otherwise act on that notification.

(16) Where we act on your behalf in respect of a corporate action, certain Charges will apply, as set out in the Product Details.

12. SETTLEMENT
(1) Where available, we use centralsecurities depositoriesforthe settlement of the applicable Instruments. The charges and rates we quote are for Instrumentssettled by the applicable central securities depository. If an Instrument ceases to be able to be settled through the applicable central securities depository, you accept that we may have to use alternative dealing facilities to Buy or Sell that Instrument and/or levy an increased charge for Buying or Selling that Instrument.

(2) Transactionsin European Shares are currently on a T+2 basis(meaning that the Transaction settles with the applicable Underlying Market two business days after it is made). Your Statement shows the trade date. The settlement date cannot be changed once you offer to enter into a Transaction. Most worldwide shares settle on either a T+2 or a T+3 basis. Shares dealt on any settlement date greater than T+3 may obtain a worse price than those dealt on a T+3 settlement. We cannot usually accommodate deals for extended settlement beyond a T+10 basis.

(3) We are not responsible for any delay in the settlement of a Transaction resulting from circumstances beyond our control, or the failure of any other person or party (including you) to perform all necessary steps to enable completion on the settlement date. Our obligation is only to pass on to you, or to credit to your account, such deliverable documents or sale proceeds (as the case may be) as we receive. If you are dealing in Instruments that are not settled through a central
securities depository system (i.e., residuals), settlement delays are likely to occur.

(4) We may refuse to allow a withdrawal on any account that you have with us if it would leave insufficient funds in the account to pay for any unsettled Transactions. Where you make payment into your account and then make a withdrawal shortly afterwards, we reserve the right to delay settlement for up to eight business days to ensure your payment has cleared.

(5) In accordance with Term 4(7), if you Sell in Instrument, the consideration for the Transaction less Commission and all applicable Charges and Taxes for that Transaction will be available on your account for reinvestment prior to settlement and your account willreflectthis. However, you will be unable to withdraw thissum from your account until the Transaction has settled. Should the transaction fail to settle, we may reverse the Transaction, return any Commission and all applicable
Charges and Taxes for that Transaction and cancel the credit of any cash to your account and amend your account to reflect the same.

(6) If you buy an Instrument, the consideration for the Transaction and all applicable Commission, Charges and Taxes for that Transaction will be deducted from your account, the Instrument will be available for sale on your account prior to settlement of the Transaction and your account will reflect this. However, you will be unable to transfer this Instrument out of your account into your own name or another nominee until the Transaction has settled. Should the Transaction fail to
settle, we may reverse the Transaction, return any Commission and all applicable Charges and Taxes for that Transaction and cancel the debit of any cash from your account and amend your account to reflect the same.

13. CLIENT MONEY AND CLIENT ASSETS

CLIENT MONEY
(1) VIBHS will act as custodian in respect of client money received from you. VIBHS will treat money received from you or held by VIBHS on your behalf (which includes your money held pending investment in Instruments and the proceeds and income from such Instruments pending distribution to you or reinvestment) in accordance with the Client MoneyRules.

(2) Subject to Term 13(6) below, your money shall be held in pooled client bank accounts at selected third-party banking institutions as determined by us and/or VIBHS in accordance with the Client Money Rules. VIBHS will keep and maintain books and records of the client money held on your behalf and will, if required, provide you with statements of the client money that they hold on your behalf in accordance with the Client Money Rules. Subject to the Client Money Rules, you may
request such a statement at any time subject to you agreeing that they may levy an dministration charge to cover their costs in providing any such statement to you. VIBHS may place funds in notice or term deposit accounts with a notice period or term of up to 95 days. Placing client money in notice or term deposit accounts does not in itself affect your ability to deal with or withdraw funds from your account with us, however such amounts may not be immediately available upon request.

(3) Client money may be held in a client bank account located outside the European Economic Area. The legal and regulatory regime applying to any such bank will be different from that of the European Economic Area and in the event of the insolvency or any other equivalent failure of that bank, your money may be treated differently from the treatment which would apply if the money was held with a bank in the European Economic Area. We will not be liable for the solvency, acts or
omissions of any bank or other third party holding money under Terms 13(1), Term 13(2) and this Term 13(3).

(4) It is not our policy to pay interest to you on any client money that we hold on your behalf and by entering into this Agreement you acknowledge that you therefore waive any entitlement to interest under the Client Money Rules or otherwise. In the event that VIBHS incur interest charges to hold client money on your behalf with third-party banking institutions or qualifying money market funds in accordance with the Client Money Rules, you agree that we may charge you for their holding client money on your behalf in accordance with our Client Money Interest Policy. You agree that we may cease to treat any money deducted in accordance with our Client Money Interest Policy as client money and that ownership of that money will be irrevocably transferred from you to us. Details of the Client Money Interest Policy are available in the Product Details or from one of our employees.

(5) If there has been no movement on your account balance for a period of at least six years (notwithstanding any payments or receipts of charges, interest or similar items) and we are unable to trace you despite having taken reasonable steps to do so, you agree that we may cease to treat your money as client money and pay away the money to a registered charity. In such circumstances, we (or an Associated Company of ours) will unconditionally undertake to pay you a sum equal to the relevant client money balance paid away if you seek to claim the client money balance in the future.

(6) VIBHS may hold client money in a qualifying money market fund and notify you that such money will not be held as client money in accordance with the Client Money Rules and the units or shares in any qualifying money market fund will be held as safe custody assets in accordance with the provisions of the FCA Rules that relate to the holding of assets in custody by investment firms like ourselves on behalf of clients. You explicitly consent that your client money may be held in such a fund. If you withdraw your consent by notifying us in accordance with Term 15(11), we will take steps to remove your money from any money market fund as soon as reasonably
practicable, considering any restrictions that apply to the withdrawal of money from the relevant fund.

(7) In accordance with Term 25(3), you specifically agree that VIBHS may transfer client money to a third party as part of a transfer of all or part of our business. Any sumstransferred will be held by that third party either in accordance with the Client Money Rules, or if the sums will not be held in accordance with the Client Money Rules, we will exercise all due skill, care and diligence in assessing whether adequate measures will be applied by the third party to protect the sums.

(8) Where appropriate, you authorise VIBHS to allow another person such as an Exchange or intermediate broker to hold or control your client money for the purposes of your Transactions through or with that other person. 

(9) This term applies if you have been categorised a Professional Client only.
Following appropriate disclosure of the risks by us to you, you and we may agree that you do not require money which is transferred by you to us to be held in accordance with the Client Money Rules. Any such agreement must be in our agreed form and signed by you and may be provided to us by post, or by scanned copy sent to us by email. Following such an agreement, we will treat any transfer of money by you to us as a transfer of full ownership of money to us for securing or covering your present, future, actual, contingent or prospective obligations, and we will not hold
such money in accordance with the Client Money Rules. Because title of the money has passed to us, you will no longer have a proprietary claim over money transferred to us and we can deal with it in our own right, and you will rank as a general creditor of ours. By placing money with us under a title transfer agreement, you agree that all money you place on your account is done so in anticipation of a Transaction and therefore has the purpose of securing or covering your present, future, actual, contingent or prospective obligations to us.
You should not place any money with us that is not for securing or covering your present, future, actual, contingent or prospective obligations to us.

(10) This term applies if you have been categorised an Eligible Counterparty only. As set out in the Supplementary Schedule of Conditions for Eligible Counterparties, if we classify you as an Eligible Counterparty at any time, you agree that we may without separate written agreement treat money which is transferred by you to us as a transfer of full ownership of money to us for the purpose of securing or covering your present, future, actual, contingent or prospective obligations to us and that such money will not be held in accordance with the Client Money Rules.

CLIENT ASSETS
(11) You instruct WSL to hold any Instrument bought on your behalf until we/they receive further instruction from you to sell that Instrument or transfer it into your own name or to another nominee. WSL will act as custodian and will hold Instruments on your behalf in accordance with the FCA’s Client Assets Rules. 

(12) WSL may, subject to the FCA’s Client Assets Rules, appoint any other person as a sub-custodian or otherwise to hold Instruments, including documents of title or certificates evidencing title to such Instruments. WSL will exercise reasonable skill and care in the selection, appointment and periodic review of sub-custodians but we are not liable for their acts, omissions, insolvency or dissolution. Any discrepancy in terms of client assets and any resulting shortfall will be dealt with in
accordance with the FCA Client Assets Rules.

(13) Detailed records of all your Instruments and assets held by WSL will be kept always to show that your Instruments are held on your behalf, for your benefit and do not belong to WSL or any sub-custodian.

(14) Instruments purchased by us on your behalf or transferred to us will be registered in our name or the name of WSL, a nominee company or a sub-custodian. We and/or WSL will be responsible and liable for the nominee to the same extent as for our/ their own acts, including losses arising from fraud, willful default or negligence.

(15) Your Instruments will be registered in the same name as those of other clients(pooled together with other clients’ Instrumentsin an omnibus co-mingled custody account, like with like). ThismeansthatInstruments will not necessarily be immediately identifiable by way of separate certificates. If we, WSL or a third-party nominee were to become insolvent there may be delays in identifying individual assets, and possibly an increased risk of loss if there should be a shortfall because additional time will be needed to identify the assets held for specific clients. In
addition, in the event of an unreconciled shortfall caused by the default of a custodian, you may share proportionately in that shortfall.

(16) You authorise WSL and any sub-custodian to hold or transfer Instruments (or entitlements to them) to a securities depositary, clearing or settlement system. Instruments that cannot be settled through a central securities depository system may be held overseas by a third party (including custodian,sub-custodian, registrar, bank, intermediate broker, or settlement agent) in the name of WSL, ourselves or a third-party nominee. Details of the name that an Instrument is registered in are available onrequest.

(17) You agree that because of the nature of applicable laws or market practices in certain overseas jurisdictions, we may decide that it is in your best interest for your Instruments held with WSL to be registered or recorded in our name or WSL’s name or in the name of the person who is a custodian for the purposes of the FCA Rules, and if it is not feasible for us to do this, then:

(a) your Instruments may be registered or recorded in the name of the firm or custodian as the case may be;

(b) your Instruments may not be segregated and separately identifiable from the investments of the firm or custodian in whose name your Instruments are registered; and

(c) consequently, in the event of a failure, your Instruments may not be as well protected from claims made on behalf of our or WSL’s general creditors. You should note that when we/WSL arrange for a third party to hold your Instruments overseas there may be different settlement, legal and regulatory requirements than those applied in the UK.

(18) You remain the beneficial owner of the Instruments and money that WSL hold on your behalf and agree that you will not try to sell, mortgage or otherwise deal in or part with beneficial ownership of the Instruments and money held on your account with us or WSL. Other than pursuant to Terms 16(6), 16(7), 16(8) and 16(9) in the event of your default, neither we nor WSL have any lien (legal claim) over Instruments that we/WSL hold on your behalf and neither we nor WSL will deposit, pledge or charge your Instruments for any loan. Instruments that we/WSL hold on your behalf will not be lent to a third party and neither we nor WSL will borrow money against
those Instruments. 

(19) You will not be entitled to any interest in respect of Instruments held by WSL ascustodian and any interest will be retained by us.

(20) We/WSL may be required to give your details (including your email address) and details of your shareholding to Companies House or any registrars.

(21) In the event that we have not received instructions from you in relation to any of the Instruments held in your account (e.g. to purchase, sell or move the assets) for a period of at least twelve years (notwithstanding any receipts of dividends or interest or similar items and irrespective of any movement of your account balance) and we are unable to trace you despite having taken reasonable steps to do so, you agree that we may cease to treat your assets as client assets, sell such assets and pay away the money to a registered charity. In such circumstances, we (or an Associated Company of ours) may, depending on the then facts, agree to pay you a sum equal to the relevant client money balance paid away if you seek to claim the client moneybalance in the future.

14. TRANSFERRING INSTRUMENTS AND DEMATERIALISATION AND RE-CERTIFICATION

TRANSFERRING INSTRUMENTS
(1) You may only give an instruction to transfer Instruments to us which you own or that are held in custody by a third party on your behalf by sending us a completed transfer form.

(2) Instructions to transfer Instruments to us held in certificated form may only be provided by sending a completed transfer form along with the valid title certificates. Certificated Instruments are settled as soon as reasonably possible.

DEMATERIALISATION AND RE-CERTIFICATION
(3) On request we will, where available, issue a certificate in your name in respect of any of your Instruments held by us on your behalf or otherwise purchased by us on your behalf. The charges set out in the Product Details will apply to the production of certificates for you. The safekeeping and delivery of all Instruments held by you in certificated form shall be at your risk.

(4) On request we will, where available, dematerialise any certificate in your name in respect of any of your Instruments and hold those Instruments on your behalf with our nominee. The charges set out in the Product Details will apply to this service.

(5) No Instruments shall be able to be sold by us on your behalf until they have been dematerialised.

15. COMMUNICATIONS
(1) An Instruction to Deal must be made by you via our Electronic Trading Services or in such other manner as we may specify from time to time. If your usual mode of communicating with us is unavailable for any reason, you should attempt to use one of the other modes of acceptable communication specified above. For example, if you usually issue Instructions to Deal via one of our Electronic Trading Services, but for some reason our Electronic Trading Service is not in operation, you should contact us via the telephone to issue Instructions to Deal. Written Instructions to Deal, including instructions sent by email (including a secure email sent via one of our Electronic Trading Services) or text message, will not be accepted or be effective for the purposes of this Agreement. Any communication that is not an Instruction to Deal must be made by you, or on your behalf: orally, by telephone or in person; in writing, by email, post; or in such other manner as we may specify from time to time. If sent to us by post, a communication must be sent to our address stated herein and, if sent to us by email, it must be sent to an email address currently designated by us for that purpose. Any such communication will only be deemed to have been received by us upon our actual receipt thereof.

(2) We will generally not accept an Instruction to Deal received other than in accordance with Term 15(1), but if we choose to do so we will not be responsible for any loss, damage or cost that you suffer or incur arising out of any error, delay or omission in us acting on such offer, or failing to act upon such offer.

(3) If at any time you are unable, for whatever reason, to communicate with us, we do not receive any communication sent by you, or you do not receive any communication sent by us under this Agreement, we will not:

(a) be responsible for any loss, damage or cost suffered by you because of any act, error, delay or omission resulting therefrom where such loss, damage or cost is a result of your inability to enter into a Transaction; and 

(b) except where yourinability to communicate with usresultsfrom ourfraud, willful default or negligence, be responsible for any loss, damage or cost suffered by you because of any act, error, omission or delay resulting from such inability to communicate including without limitation, where such loss, damage or cost is a result of your inability to Buy or Sell any Instrument.

(4) You acknowledge and agree that any communication transmitted by you or on your behalf is made at your risk and you authorise us to rely and act on, and treat as fully authorised and binding on you, any communication (whether or not in writing) that we reasonably believe to have been transmitted by you or on your behalf by any agent or intermediary who we reasonably believe to have been duly authorised by you. You acknowledge and agree that we will rely on your account number and/ or password and/or Security Details to identify you and you agree that you will not
disclose these details to any person not duly authorised by you. If you suspect that your account number and/or password and/or Security Details has been learnt or may be used by any other person then you must notify usimmediately.

(5) You agree that we may record any communications, electronic, by telephone, in person or otherwise, that we have with you in relation to this Agreement and that any recordings that we keep will be our sole property and you accept that they will constitute evidence of the communications between us. You agree that telephone conversations may be recorded without the use of a warning tone or any other further notice.

(6) In accordance with the Applicable Regulations, we will provide information about each Transaction by providing you with a Statement. Statements will be posted on one of our Electronic Trading Services and, if so requested by you,also emailed or posted to you, on or before the business day following the day on which the Transaction is executed. If you elect to receive your Statements by post,we reserve the right to levy a charge.

(7) You will be deemed to have acknowledged and agreed with the content of any Statement and the details of each Transaction set out in any Statement that we make available to you unless you notify us to the contrary in writing within two business days of the date on which you are deemed to have received it in accordancewithTerm15(11)below.

(8) Our failure to provide you with a Statement does not invalidate nor make voidable a Transaction that you and we have agreed, and we have confirmed in accordance with Term 4(4), provided however that in the event that you believe you have entered into a Transaction, but we have not provided you with a Statement in respect of that Transaction, any query in relation to the purported Transaction will not be entertained unless: (i) you notify us that you have not
received such Statement within two business days of the date on which you ought to have received a Statement for the purported Transaction; and (ii) you can provide accurate details of the time and date of the purported Transaction and supporting evidence, to our reasonable satisfaction, of the purported Transaction.

(9) We will usually communicate with you using our Electronic Trading Services. We may, however, communicate with you by telephone, letter, email, SMS, text message or by posting a message on one of our Electronic Trading Services. You consent to us communicating with you in this way including telephoning you at any time whatsoever. We will use the address, phone or email address specified on your account opening form or such other address, phone or email address as you may subsequently notify to us or any email address allocated to you within our Electronic Trading Services. Unless you expressly specify otherwise, you specifically agree that we may send the following notices to you by email and/or by posting them on an Electronic Trading Service:

(a) Statements;

(b) Notice of an amendment to the way in which we provide our service to you, for example changes to any Electronic Trading Service, changes to the Commission rates, Charges and Taxes that apply to our Transactions, changes to the credit arrangements in relation to your account and changes to Commission, Spread, Charges or Taxes that apply to our Transactions or your account; and

(c) Notice of an amendment to the Terms of this Agreement givenin accordancewithTerm26(1), (each a ‘Message’).

(10) We will not be required to send you a paper copy of a Message sent to you by email or posted to one of our Electronic Trading Services. Sending a Message to you by email or by posting it to one of our Electronic Trading Services in a durable medium fully complies with all our obligations under the Agreement and the Applicable Regulations.

(11) Any correspondence, documents, written notices, legal notices, confirmations, Messages or Statements will be deemed to have been properlygiven:

(a) if sent by post to the address last notified by you to us, on the next business day after being deposited in the post;

(b) if delivered to the address last notified by you to us, immediately on beingdeposited at such address;
(c) if sent by text message, as soon as we have transmitted it to any of the mobile telephone numbers last notified by you to us;

(d) if we leave a voicemail, as soon as the message is completed and left on any of the mobile telephone numberslast notified by you to us;

(d) if sent by email, one hour after we have transmitted it to the email address last notified by you to us; and

(e) if posted on one of our Electronic Trading Services, as soon as it has been posted.

(12) It is your responsibility to ensure, at all times, that we have been notified of your current and correct address, nationality, tax residency status and contact details. Any change to your address, nationality, tax residency status or contact details must be notified to us immediately in writing, unless we agree to another form of communication.

(13) We are required by law to provide you with certain information about us, our services, our Transactions, our costs and Charges along with copies of our Summary Order Execution Policy and Summary Conflicts Policy. You specifically consent to us providing you with this information by means of our website.

Costs and charges will be disclosed in our Product Details. Our Summary Order Execution Policy, Summary Conflicts Policy, Privacy Policy and Risk Disclosure Notice will be provided in the section of our website that allows you to apply for an account. Alternatively, details are available by calling us.

(14) It is your responsibility to make sure that you read all notices posted on our website and one of our Electronic Trading Services from time to time in atimely manner.

(15) Although email, the internet, Electronic Trading Services and other forms of electronic communication are often a reliable way to communicate, no electronic communication is entirely reliable or always available. You acknowledge and accept that a failure or delay by you to receive any communication from us sent by email, text message or otherwise whether due to mechanical,software, computer, telecommunications or other electronic systems failure, does not in any way invalidate or otherwise prejudice that communication or any transaction to which
it relates. We will not be liable to you for any loss or damage, howsoever caused, arising directly or indirectly out of a failure or delay by you or us to receive an email or other electronic communication. Further, you understand and accept that emails, text messages and other electronic communications we send to you may not be encrypted and therefore may not be secure.

(16) You acknowledge the inherent risk that communications by electronic means may not reach their intended destination or may do so later than intended for reasons outside our control. You accept this risk and agree that a failure or delay by usto receive any offer or communication fromyou sent electronically, whether due to mechanical, software, computer, telecommunications or other electronic systems failure, does not in any way invalidate or otherwise prejudice that offer
or communication or any transaction to which it relates. If, for any reason, we are unable to accept your offer electronically, we may, without obligation, provide you with further information advising you that your offer can be made by telephone as an alternative and we may endeavour to inform you of this.

(17) If you are granted access to our mobile dealing platform, then all use of such service will be subject both to this Agreement and to any supplemental mobile dealing terms posted on our website and amendedfrom time totime.

16. PAYMENT, CURRENCY CONVERSION AND SET-OFF
(1) All payments to be made under this Agreement are due immediately upon our demand, which may be oral or in writing unless otherwise agreed. Once demanded, such payments must be paid by you, and must be received by us in full in cleared funds on your account.

(2) You must comply with the following when making payments to us:
(a) payments due will, unless otherwise agreed or specified by us, be required in pounds: we may also make payments in, euros, US dollars, Australian dollars, Singapore dollars, Canadian dollars, New Zealand dollars, Hong Kong dollars, Japanese yen, South African rand, Swedish kronor or Swissfrancs;

(b) you may make any payment due to us by direct bank transfer for value within 24 hours (e.g. FASTER PAYMENTS), or, if available, by alternative methods agreed with us. Note that we reserve the right to levy a reasonable charge for processing your payments which will generally reflect the cost to us in providing these payment solutions to you and shall be due and payable at the time of the payment;

(c) For the avoidance of doubt, other than where we have expressly agreed to it, we do not accept payments from you made by cheque; and (d) in determining whether to accept payments from you under this Term, we will have utmost regard to our duties under law regarding the prevention of fraud, countering terrorist financing, insolvency, money laundering and/or tax offences.
To this end, we may at our absolute discretion having regard to the law, reject payments from you or a third party and return funds to source. We may not accept payments from a bank account if it is not evident to us that the bank account is in your name.

BASE CURRENCY AND CURRENCY CONVERSION
(3) You should be aware of the following when you enter into a Transaction or deposit money into your account in a Currency other than your Base Currency: 

(a) It is your responsibility to make yourself aware of the Currency that is designated as your Base Currency. Details of your Base Currency are available on one of our Electronic Trading Services or by phoningus;

(b) Some Transactions will result in profit/loss being accrued in a Currency other than your Base Currency. The Product Details specify the Currencies in which various Transactions and Instruments are denominated, or alternatively such information is available from one of our employees on request;

(c) From time to time (for example in your Statements), we may provide information to you which presents your multicurrency balances in the equivalent value of your Base Currency, using the rates prevailing at the time the information is produced. However, you should note that the balances have not been physically converted and that the presentation of the information in your
Base Currency is for information only;

(d) By default, we will convert any non-Base Currency balances standing to your account to your Base Currency. We will perform recurring balance sweeps daily basis that will convert all non-Base Currency balances standing to your account to your Base Currency. When we consider it reasonably necessary, or when requested by you, we may also convert balances and/or money standing to your credit in a non-Base Currency into your Base Currency;

(e) All conversions made in accordance with this Term will be made at an exchange rate not more than +/-0.75% of the prevailing market rate at the time of the conversion;

(f) Where you maintain Transactions in a Currency other than your Base Currency or retain non-Base Currency balances standing to your account, you are exposing yourself to cross-currency risk. You acknowledge and agree that it is your responsibility to manage this risk and we are not liable for any losses that you suffer as a result; and

(g) Regardless of when you open your account (i.e., whether you do so before or after the date of this Agreement), we reserve the right to change the way in which we manage and/or convert your non-Base Currency balances at any time in the future by providing you with 10 days prior notice. By way of example only, we may notify you that the frequency business for your recurring balance
sweep is changig to become more or lessfrequent.

(4) You will pay interest to us on any sums due in respect of any Transaction, any other general account Charges (for example, market data fees) that you fail to pay on the relevant due date. Interest will accrue daily from the due date until the date on which payment is received in full, at a rate not exceeding 4% above our applicable reference rate from time to time (details available on request) and will be payable on demand.

REMITTING MONEY
(5) Subject to Terms 16(6), 16(7), 16(8) and 16(9), money standing to the credit of your account will be remitted to you if requested by you. Where you do not make such a request, we will be under no obligation to, but may, at our absolute discretion, remit such monies to you. All bank charges howsoever arising will, unless otherwise agreed, be for your account. The manner in which we remit monies to you will be at our absolute discretion, having utmost regard to our duties under law regarding the prevention of fraud, countering terrorism financing, money laundering and/or tax offences. We will normally remit money in the same method and to the same place from which it wasreceived. However, in exceptional circumstances we may, at our absolute discretion, consider a suitable alternative.

SET OFF
(6) If any losses incurred, monies owed or debit balances to us (each a “Loss” and together, “Losses”) in relation to an account under this Agreement in which you may have an interest exceed all amounts held by us in relation to that account, you must forthwith pay such excess to us whether demanded or not. If any Losses to us and any Associated Company in relation to accounts in which you may have an interest exceed all amounts held by us and any Associated Company in relation to all accounts in which you may have an interest, you must forthwith pay such excess
to us whether demanded or not.

(7) Without prejudice to our right to require payment from you in accordance with Terms 16(1) to 16(4) and 16(6) above, we will at any time have the rightto set off:

(a) any Losses in respect of any account held by you with us, under this Agreement or otherwise, against any sums, Instruments or other assets (each a “Sum” and together, “Sums”) held by us, under this Agreement or otherwise, for or to your credit;

(b) any Losses in respect of any account held by you with an Associated Company against any Sums held by us or an Associated Company, under this Agreement or otherwise, for or to your credit;

(c) any Losses in respect of any account held by you with us, under this Agreement or otherwise, against any Sums held by an Associated Company for or to your credit; and

(d) if you have a joint account with us, under this Agreement or otherwise, or with an Associated Company, any Losses by the other joint account holder pursuant to a joint account, under this Agreement or otherwise, or an Associated Company, against Sums held by us or an Associated Company for or to your credit in a joint account, and for the avoidance of doubt, (i) Terms 16(7)(a), 16(7)(b) and 16(7)(c) shall apply to any joint account held by you with us, under this Agreement or otherwise, or an Associated Company of ours and to any Sums held by us or an Associated
Company in respect of the joint account holders, and (ii) Terms 16(7)(a), 16(7)(b) and 16(7)(c) shall apply to any account in which you may have an interest as if it is an account held by you with us and as if it is an account in which we hold Sums for or to your credit.

For illustrative purposes only – If you are A, the table below sets out which accounts and funds we may access to set off losses incurred on accounts held by you with us (or an Associated Company) on your own (A solely) and if you have a joint account (A and B jointly) with another person, B, and the accounts and funds we may access to set off losses incurred on the joint accounts and on other accounts held by B with us (or an Associated Company).

(8) We may, at any time and without notice to you, sell Instruments or other assets of which we or any Associated Company have custody or control on your behalf, to discharge any or all your obligations to us and any Associated Company under this Term 16. If we have to sell Instruments held on your behalf to meet your obligations, we will charge Commission and any other applicable Charges and Taxes. You will continue to be responsible to us for any outstanding balance due
after Instruments have been sold and the difference in value will be payable to us immediately.

(9) As long as there are outstanding Losses in respect of any account in which you may have an interest under this or any other agreement with us or an Associated Company, in each case whether as a joint account or otherwise, we may retain possession of any Instruments or other assets held by us or an Associated Company or to your credit with us or an Associated Company in relation to any account in which you may have an interest (this right is known as a lien).

WAIVER
(10) Our failure on one or more occasions to enforce or exercise our right to insist on timely payment will not amount to a waiver or bar to enforcement of that right.

17. DEFAULT AND DEFAULTREMEDIES
(1) Each of the following constitutes an ‘Event of Default’: 

(a) Your failure to make any payment to us or to any Associated Company of oursin accordance with the conditionsset out in Term 16; (b) Your failure to perform any obligation due to us; 

(c) Where any Instruction to Deal or Transaction or combination of Instructions to Deal and/or Transactions or any realised or unrealised losses on your account with us results in your exceeding any limit placed on your dealings with us;

(d) If you are an individual, your death or your incapacity; 

(e) The initiation by a third party of proceedings for your bankruptcy (if you are an individual) or for your winding-up or for the appointment of an administrator or receiver in respect of you or any of your assets (if you are a company) or (in both cases) if you make an arrangement or composition with your creditors or any other similar or analogous procedure is commenced in respect of you; 

(f) Where any representation or warranty made by you in this Agreement, including but not limited to the representations and warranties in Terms 8(2), 8(4), 10(12), 10(18), 19(1) and 20(1) is or becomes untrue; 
(g) You are or become unable to pay your debts as and when they fall due; 

(h) You have committed fraud or been deceitful in your dealings with us in relation to your account with us underthis Agreement or another account with us or an Associated Company of ours; 

(i) You are in material or persistent breach of any term of this Agreement; 

(j) An ‘event of default’ (however described) under the applicable agreement in relation to your account with an Associated Company of ours or with us (other than underthis Agreement); or

(k) Any other circumstance where we reasonably believe that it is necessary or desirable to take any action in accordance with Term17(2) to protect ourselves or all or any of our other clients. 

(2) If an Event of Default occurs in relation to your account(s) with us or in relation to any account(s) held by you with an Associated Company of ours, we may, at our absolute discretion, at any time and without prior notice take any one or any number of the below steps: 

(a) Convert any Currency balances on your account into another Currency; 
(b) Exercise rights of set-off under Terms 16(6), 16(7), 16(8) and 16(9), retain any funds, Instruments, investments (including any interest or other payment payable thereon) or other assets due to you or held on your behalf, and sell them without notice to you at such price and in such manner as we, acting reasonably, decide, applying the proceeds of sale and discharging the costs of sale and the sums secured under this Term;
(c) Charge you interest on any money due, from close of business on the date when moniesfirst fell due until the date of actual payment at a rate not exceeding 4% above the applicable central bank’s base rate from time to time; 
(d) Treat any outstanding proposed Transaction or Instruction to Deal as having been cancelled and terminated; 
(e) Close all or any of your accounts held with us or an Associated Company of whatever nature, remit any monies owing to you and sell any Instruments or other assets held in custody on your behalf and remit the cash balance to you subject to any rights of set-off under Terms 16(6), 16(7), 16(8) and 16(9) and any rights under this Term 17(2) and refuse to accept any further Instructions to Deal from you; and 
(f) Terminate this Agreement in accordance with Term 26(4). 

(3) If we take any action under Term 17(2), unless at our absolute discretion we consider it necessary or desirable to do so without prior notice to you, we may, where reasonably possible, take steps to advise you before exercising such rights. However, any failure on our part to take such steps will not invalidate the action taken by us under Term17(2). 

(4) In the event of your being in excess of any limit placed on your dealings with us, we may at our discretion allow you to continue to Buy and Sell Instruments, but this will depend on our assessment of your financial circumstances. You acknowledge that, if we agree to allow you to continue to Buy or Sell Instruments under this Term you may incur further losses.

(5) You acknowledge and agree that, in Selling any Instruments held by us on your behalf under this Term 17, it may be necessary for us to ‘work’ the order. This may have the result that the Instruments held on your behalf are sold in tranches at different prices, resulting in an aggregate closing price for your Instrument that results in further losses being incurred on your account. You acknowledge and agree that we shall not have any liability to you because of any such working of your Instruments held by us on your behalf.

18. INDEMNITY AND LIABILITY
(1) Subject always to Term 1(8), you are responsible for all liabilities, losses or costs of any kind or nature whatsoever that may be incurred by us as a result of any failure by you to perform any of your obligations under this Agreement, in relation to any Instruction to Deal received from you, Transaction that we execute on your behalf or in relation to any false information or declaration made either to us or to any third party, in particular to any Exchange. You acknowledge that this responsibility extends to our legal and administrative costs and expenses incurred in respect of taking any legal or investigatory action against you, or instructing any debt collection agency, to recover monies owed by you to us. 

(2) You agree that you will not hold us liable for any losses, liabilities, judgments, suits, actions, proceedings, claims, damages and/or costs suffered by you, resulting from or arising out of any act or omission by any person obtaining access to your account by using your designated account number and/or password and/or Security Details, whether you authorised such access or not. 

(3) We shall not be liable for any default, omissions, errors or mistakes by any third party or Associated Company other than because of our own negligence, fraud or willful defaultin relation to the appointment ofthatthird party. 

(4) Certain information in relation to our services is provided by third parties and we are not liable for any inaccuracy, errors or omissions in the information they provide us except where such inaccuracy, error or omission is caused by our own negligence, fraud or willful default in relation to the appointment of that third party. 
(5) Without prejudice to any other Terms of this Agreement, we will have no liability to you in relation to any loss, costs or expensesthat you suffer because of: 
(a) Any delay or defect in or failure of the whole or any part of our Electronic Trading Services’ software or any systems or network links or any other means of communication; or 
(b) Any computer viruses, worms, software bombs or similar items being introduced into your computer hardware or software via our Electronic Trading Services except where such loss, cost or expense is a result of our own negligence, fraud or willful default. 

(6) Without prejudice to any other Terms of this Agreement, we will have no liability to you in relation to any loss, costs or expensesthat you suffer because of: 
(a) Any inability by you to execute an Instruction to Deal;
(b) Any delay or change in market conditions before we execute an Instruction to Deal or before a Transaction settles; or 
(c) Any cause beyond our reasonable control and the effect of which is beyond our reasonable control to avoid. 
(7) Without prejudice to any other Terms of this Agreement, we will have no liability to you in relation to any loss which is a side effect of the main loss or damage and which is not a foreseeable consequence of a breach of this Agreement, including, without limitation, loss of business, loss of profits, failure to avoid a loss, loss of data, loss or corruption of data, loss of goodwill or reputation, caused by any act or omission of ours under this Agreement. 

(8) Nothing in this Agreementshall limit our liability for personal injury or death.

19. REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES 
(1) You represent and warrant to us, and agree that each such representation and warranty is deemed repeated each time you enter into a Transaction by reference to the circumstances prevailing at such time, that:

(a) The information provided to us in your application form and at any time thereafter is true and accurate in all respects; 

(b) You are duly authorised to execute and deliver this Agreement, to issue Instructionsto Deal to us, to instruct usto enter into each Transaction on your behalf, to be the beneficial holder of Instruments and to perform your obligations in relation to each of these matters and have taken all necessary action to authorise the execution, delivery and performance of each of these matters and if any of these representation/warranties or your tax status changes/become untrue you will immediately notify us in writing; 

(c) You are 18 years of age or older, are ordinarily resident, for tax purposes, in the UK and are not a tax resident of any other jurisdiction; 

(d) You will not use, or abuse, any connectivity delays, price latency or gaming or other abusive strategies; 

(e) You enter into this Agreement and provide instructions as principal; 

(f) Any person representing you in providing us with instructions will have been, and (if you are a company, partnership or trust) the person entering into this Agreement on your behalf is, duly authorised to do so on your behalf; 

(g) You have obtained all governmental or other authorisations and consents required by you in connection with this Agreement and in connection with Buying and Selling and being the beneficial owner of Instruments using our service and such authorisations and consents are in full force and effect and all their conditions have been and will be complied with; 

(h) Execution, delivery and performance of this Agreement and Buying and Selling or being the beneficial owner of Instruments using our service will not violate any law, ordinance, charter, by-law or rule applicable to you, the jurisdiction in which you are resident or any agreement by which you are bound or by which any of your assets are affected; 

(i) Other than in exceptional circumstances, you will not send funds to your  account(s) with us from, or request that funds be sent from your account(s) to, a bank account other than that identified in your account opening form or as otherwise agreed by us. Whether exceptional circumstances exist will be determined by us from time to time; 

(j) If you are an employee or contractor of a financial services firm or any other firm that has controls over the financial transactions in which its employees and contractors deal, you will give us proper notice of this and of any restrictions that apply to your dealing; 

(k)You will not use the prices we make available to you for any purpose other than for your own trading purposes, and you agree not to redistribute the prices we make available to you to any other person whether such redistribution be for commercial or other purposes; 

(l) You will use the services offered by us pursuant to this Agreement in good faith and, to this end, you will not use any electronic device, software, algorithm, or any trading strategy or any arbitrage practices (such as but not limited to latency abuse, price manipulation or time manipulation) that aims to manipulate or take unfair advantage of the way in which we make available bid or offer prices. In addition, you agree that using any device, software, algorithm, strategy or practice in your dealings with us whereby you are not subject to any downside market risk will be evidence that you are taking unfair advantage of us; 

(m) You will use the services offered by us pursuant to this Agreement in good faith and, to this end, you will not use any electronic device, software, algorithm, or any trading strategy that aims to manipulate or take unfair advantage of any Electronic TradingService; 

(n) You will not use any automated software, algorithm or trading strategy other than in accordance with the terms of this Agreement; 

(o) You have consistent and uninterrupted access to the internet and any email address provided to us by you; 

(p) For FATCA purposes you are not a US person and you have no link to the USA; 

(q) Other than as expressly permitted by us, you will not, and will not attempt to, communicate with us electronically via any customised interface using a protocol such as Financial Information Exchange (FIX) protocol, Representational State Transfer (REST) or any other such interface;

(r) You will not submit or request information electronically from us in a manner that is likely to strain or overload any Electronic Trading Service; 

(s) You will not and will not attempt to decompile any Electronic Trading Service including any of our web or mobileapplications; 

(t) You will provide us with all information that we reasonably require to comply with our obligations under this Agreement and you will provide us with any information that we may reasonably request from you from time to time for the purposes of our compliance with ApplicableRegulations; 

(u) Where we have provided you with a key information document (‘KID’) in respect of any relevant Transaction as required under the regulation on key information documents for packaged retail and insurance-based investment products (1286/2014) as amended, you agree to us providing you with the KID on our website or Electronic Trading Services (you may request a paper copy of any KID on our website or Electronic Trading Services) and you also agree that you have read the relevant KID; and

(v) Where we have provided you with a KID in respect of any relevant Transaction as required under the on the coordination of laws, regulations and administrative provisions relating to undertakings for collective investment in transferable securities (UCITS) as regards depositary functions, remuneration policies and sanctions (2009/65/ EC) as amended, you agree to us providing you with the KIID on our website or Electronic Trading Services (you may request a paper copy of any KIID on our website or Electronic Trading Services) and you also agree that you have read the relevant KIID. 

(2) This Agreement contains the entire understanding between the parties in relation to the dealing services we offer. 

(3) In the absence of our fraud, willful default or negligence, we give no warranty regarding the performance of our website(s), our Electronic Trading Services or other software or their suitability for any equipment used by you for any purpose. 

20. MARKET ABUSE 
(1) You represent and warrant to us now, and agree that each such representation and warranty is deemed repeated each time you provide us with an Instruction to Deal that results in a Transaction, that: 

(a) You will not place and have not placed an Instruction to Deal with us that results in a Transaction in connection with: 
(i) a placing, issue, distribution or other analogous event; 
(ii) an offer, take-over, merger or other analogous event; or 
(iii) any other corporate finance style activity, in which you are involved or otherwise interested; and

(b) You will not place and have not placed an Instruction to Deal with us that results in a Transaction that contravenes any primary or secondary legislation or other law against insider dealing or market manipulation. For the purposes  of this Term, you agree that we may proceed on the basis that when you issue us with an Instruction to Deal on an Instrument that results in a Transaction, you may be treated as dealing in securities within the meaning of Part V of the Criminal Justice Act 1993.

(2) If (a) you provide us with an Instruction to Deal that results in a Transaction in breach of the representations and warranties given in Term 19(1) or 20(1)(a) or (b) we have reasonable grounds for suspecting that you have done so, we may, at our absolute discretion and without being under any obligation to inform you of our reason for doing so, treat any outstanding proposed Transactions or Instructions to Deal as having been cancelled and Sell any Instruments held by us on your behalf at the time.

21. CREDIT
We do not provide any credit arrangement or agreement.


22. FORCE MAJEURE EVENTS
(1) We may, in our reasonable opinion, determine that an emergency or an exceptional market condition exists (a “Force Majeure Event”), in which case we will, in due course, inform the FCA and take reasonable steps to inform you. A Force Majeure Event will include, but is not limited to, the following:

(a) Any act, event or occurrence (including without limitation any strike, riot or civil commotion, act of terrorism, war, industrial action, acts and regulations of any governmental or supra national bodies or authorities) that, in our opinion, prevents us from providing you with access to a market in one or more of the Instruments in respect of which we ordinarily provide our services; 

(b) The suspension or closure of any market or the abandonment or failure of any event or the imposition of limits or special or unusual terms on the trading in any such market in relation to any Instruments in respect of which we ordinarily provide our services; 

(c) The occurrence of an excessive movement in the price of any Instrument or our anticipation (acting reasonably) of the occurrence of such a movement; 

(d) Any breakdown or failure of transmission, communication or computer facilities, interruption of power supply, or electronic or communications equipment failure;

(e) Any breakdown or failure of transmission, communication, computer facilities or interruption of the Electronic Trading Service; or 

(f) Failure of any relevant supplier, intermediate broker, agent or principal of ours, custodian, sub-custodian, dealer, exchange, clearing house or regulatory or self-regulatory organisation, for any reason, to perform its obligations. 

(2) If we determine that a Force Majeure Event exists, we may, at our absolute discretion, without notice and at any time: 
(a) Treat any outstanding proposed Transaction or Instruction to Deal as having been cancelled and terminated; 
(b) Sell any Instruments held by us on your behalf at the prevailing market price, at our discretion; or 
(c) Suspend or modify the application of all or any of the Terms of this Agreement to the extent that the Force Majeure Event makes it impossible or impracticable for us to comply with the Term or Termsin question.

23. SUSPENSION AND INSOLVENCY 
(1) If at any time trading on the Underlying Market is suspended in any Instrument that forms the subject of an Instruction to Deal, then the applicable Instruction to Deal will also be Suspended and you will not be able to Sell any Instruments we hold on your behalf. 

(2) Irrespective of any Orders given by you, the Instruction to Deal will remain Suspended and you will not be able to Sell any Instruments we hold on your behalf until either of the following takes place: 

(a) The suspension in the Underlying Market is terminated and trading recommences, at which point the Suspension of your Instruction to Deal will also cease and you will be able to Sell any Instruments we hold on your behalf. Following the lifting of the Suspension, any Instructions to Deal that you may have given us with respect to the Instrument that have been triggered will be executed as soon as we consider reasonable in the circumstances having regard to liquidity in the Underlying Market. We cannot guarantee that Instructions to Deal will be executed at the first available Underlying Market price; or 
(b) Where the Instrument is in respect of a company, that company is delisted from the Underlying Market, goes into insolvency or is dissolved, at which point your Instruction to Deal will be cancelled and any Instruments we hold on your behalf will be dealt with in accordance with the terms of the delisting, insolvency or dissolution, as applicable.

24. QUERIES, COMPLAINTS AND DISPUTES 
(1) Any queries should be raised with our trading services department or with one of our employees. Unresolved queries and complaints are handled by our compliance department according to our complaints procedures, a copy of which is available on our website(s) and is available on request. If you are dissatisfied with the result of our compliance department’s investigation or with any action taken by us as a result thereof, you may be able to refer the complaint for further investigation to the Financial Ombudsman Service (www.fos.org.uk). You may also wish to use the European Commission’s Online Dispute Resolution Platform (www.ec.europa.odr). 

(2) Without prejudice to any of our other rights under this Agreement, in any case where we are in dispute with you in respect of an Instruction to Deal, a Transaction, an alleged Instruction to Deal or an alleged Transaction or any communication relating to an Instruction to Deal or a Transaction, we may, at our absolute discretion and without notice, Buy or Sell the Instruments subject to any such Instruction to Deal, Transaction, alleged Instruction to Deal or alleged Transaction, where we reasonably believe such action to be desirable for the purpose of limiting the maximum amount involved in the dispute, and we will not be under any obligation to you in connection with any subsequent movement in the price of the Instrument concerned. If we Buy or Sell the Instruments subject to any such Instruction to Deal or Transactions under this Term, such action will be without prejudice to our right to contend in relation to any dispute that the Instruments had already been bought orsold pursuant to such Instruction to Deal or Transaction by us or were never bought or sold on your behalf by us. We will take reasonable steps to inform you that we have taken such action as soon as practicable after doing so. Where we Buy or Sell the Instruments subject to an Instruction to Deal, a Transaction, an alleged Instruction to Deal or alleged Transaction in accordance with this Term, the Buying or Selling of the Instruments will be without prejudice to your rightsto seek redress or compensation for any loss or damage suffered in connection with the disputed or alleged Instruction to Deal or Transaction or communication, prior to the Buying or Selling of those Instruments.
 
(3) We are covered by the Financial Services Compensation Scheme. You may be entitled to compensation from the scheme if we cannot meet our obligations. This depends on the type of business and the circumstances of the claim. Further information about compensation arrangements is available on our website and from the Financial Services Compensation Scheme website (www.fscs.org.uk). 

25. MISCELLANEOUS
(1) We reserve the right to Suspend any or all accounts you hold with us at any time for any reason we deem appropriate. If we Suspend your Account(s), it means that you will generally not be permitted to Buy or Sell any new Instruments, but you will be permitted to Sell any Instruments we currently hold on your behalf and you will no longer be permitted to instruct us via our Electronic Trading Services, rather you will be required to instruct us via the phone. We also reserve the right to Suspend a specific Instruction to Deal that you have in progress with us. If we Suspend an Instruction to Deal, it means that you will only be permitted to Buy or Sell the Instruments subject to the Suspended Instruction to Deal and, in relation to the Suspended Instruction to Deal, you will no longer be permitted to deal with us via our Electronic Trading Services, rather you will be required to deal with us via the phone. 

(2) Our rights and remedies under this Agreement will be cumulative, and our exercise or waiver of any right or remedy will not preclude or inhibit the exercise of any additional right or remedy. Our failure to enforce or exercise any right under this Agreement will not amount to a waiver or bar to enforcement of that right. 

(3) You consent to us assigning the rights and obligations of this Agreement to a third party, in whole or in part, provided that any assignee agrees to abide by the Terms of this Agreement and subject to any required approvals. Such assignment will come into effect 10 business days following the day you are deemed to have received notice of the assignment in accordance with Term 15(11). 

If we do assign our rights and obligations under this Agreement, we will only do so to a third party who is competent to carry out the functions and responsibilities and who will provide the same standard of service that we do. Our rights and obligations under this Agreement are personal to you. This meansthat you may not assign the benefit and burden of this Agreement, whether in whole or in part, to any third party without our prior written consent. 

(4) You acknowledge and agree that the copyrights, trademarks, database and other property or rights in any information distributed to or received by you from us, together with the contents of our website(s), brochures and other material connected with our dealing service and in any database that contains or constitutes such information, will remain the sole and exclusive property of ours or any third party identified as being the owner of such rights. 

(5) In the event that we believe that you have breached this Agreement we reserve the right to and if you do we reserve the right to make the necessary corrections or adjustments on your account as we deem reasonable, and with or without notice; 

(6) If any Term (or any part of any Term) is held by a court of competent jurisdiction to be unenforceable for any reason then such Term will, to that extent, be deemed severable and not form part of this Agreement, but the enforceability of the remainder of this Agreement will not be affected. 

(7) We cannot advise you on tax and, if in any doubt, you should seek your own independent advice. The tax treatment of Transactions and Charges may differ according to your personal circumstances and applicable tax legislation. Tax legislation and the interpretation of such legislation is subject to change. You may also be liable for other taxes and charges that are not imposed or withheld by us. You should seek independent advice if you are in any doubt as to what further taxes and charges may apply to you because of your trading activities.

(8) You will be responsible for the payment of all taxes due and for providing any relevant tax authority with any information relating to your dealings with us. Where we are required by law to provide information to a tax authority this provision of information will be governed by our Privacy Notice. You agree that if we provide you with any information or express any opinion in relation to the tax treatment of your dealings with us it will not be reasonable for you to rely upon any such statement and it will not constitute tax advice. 

(9) Should any change in the basis or scope of taxation occur at any time which results in us having to withhold amounts because of Taxes owed or payable by you in respect of any Applicable Regulations in respect of your Transactions or your account with us, we reserve the right to deduct the amount of any such payment(s) from your account(s) or otherwise require you to pay or reimburse us for such payment(s). 

(10) We will use reasonable end eavours to forward to you any tax documents which we may receive relating to you or any money standing to your account or Instruments held on your account. We will send you an annual Consolidated Tax Certificate or equivalent after the end of the UK fiscal year unless otherwise agreed by us and you. 

(11) Our records, unless shown to be wrong, will be evidence of your dealings with us in connection with our services. You will not object to the admission of our records as evidence in any legal or regulatory proceedings because such records are not originals, are not in writing or are documents produced by a computer. You will not rely on us to comply with your record keeping obligations, although records may be made available to you on request at our absolute discretion. 

(12) Unless a term of this Agreement provides otherwise, a person who is not a party to this Agreement will have no rights to enforce any of its terms.

26. AMENDMENT AND TERMINATION 
(1) We may amend this Agreement and any arrangements made hereunder at any time by written notice to you. You will be deemed to accept and agree to the amendment unless you notify us to the contrary within 10 business days of the date of our amendment notice. If you do object to the amendment, the amendment will not be binding on you, but your account will be Suspended, and you will be required to close your account as soon as is reasonably practicable. Any amendment to this Agreement will come into effect on the date specified by us which will, in most cases, be at least 10 business days after you are deemed to have received notice of the amendment in accordance with Term 15(11) (unless it is impractical in the circumstances to give 10 business days’ notice). 

(2) Any amended agreement will supersede any previous agreement between us on the same subject matter and will govern any Instruction to Deal issued or outstanding and each Transaction entered into or outstanding on or after the date the new edition comes into effect and any Instruments held on your behalf after, or on, the date the new edition comes into effect. We will only make changes for good reason, including but not limited to: 
(a) Making this Agreementclearer; 
(b) Making this Agreement more favourable to you; 
(c) Reflecting legitimate increases or reductions in the cost of providing our service toyou; 
(d) Providing for the introduction of new systems,services, changesin technology and products; 
(e) Rectifying any mistakesthat may be discovered in due course; 
(f) Reflecting a change of Applicable Regulations; and (g) Reflecting changes in the way we do business. 

(3) This Agreement and any arrangements hereunder may be Suspended or terminated by you by giving us written notice of Suspension or termination, which will take effect no later than 10 business days after actual receipt by our head office, unless a later date is specified in the notice. There is no obligation on you to enter into Transactions with us and there are no restrictions on you closing any open Transactions or cancelling any Orders and no restrictions on you withdrawing any money available on your account.

(4) We may terminate or Suspend this Agreement and any arrangements hereunder with you by giving you 5 business days’ written notice. 

(5) We may immediately terminate this Agreement with you if: 
(a) A Force Majeure Event has occurred and has continued for a period of 5 business days; or 
(b) An Event of Default has occurred or is continuing. 

(6) Any Suspension or termination will not affect any obligation that may already have been incurred by either party in respect of any outstanding Instructions to Deal, Transactions, Instruments already being held on your behalf or any legal rights or obligations that may already have arisen under this Agreement or any dealings made thereunder. Upon termination you will pay to us any outstanding Commission, Charges and Taxes due. 

(7) On termination, subject to Terms 16(6), 16(7), 16(8) and 16(9), following receipt of your instructions, we will as soon as reasonably practicable arrange for Instruments to either be sold or transferred from our nominee into your own name or another  nominee. 

All proceeds of sale will be paid into an account in your name. If we do not receive any instructions from you within 90 days of termination to either sell or transfer your Instruments, we may at any time thereafter sell your Instruments on your behalf. We will charge Commission and any other applicable Charges and Taxes on the sale or transfer of your Instruments and the remaining balance of any sale proceeds will be held by us for you as client money in accordance with Term 13. 

Where Instruments are sold, you may suffer a shortfall between the amount you invested and the amount you get back after sale. We are not responsible for any shortfall that arises. 

Any shortfall will be borne by you. Where Instruments cannot be sold, redeemed or transferred, we will certificate the Instruments at your cost and distribute these certificates to you. This Agreement will continue until we have transferred, sold, redeemed or otherwise distributed the Instruments or paid you the proceeds. 

(8) Following termination of this Agreement, Terms 13, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 25, 26, 27, 28 and 29 shall continue toapply. 

27. GOVERNING LAW 
(1) This Agreement, each Instruction to Deal, each Transaction and the terms upon which we hold Instruments on your behalf are in all respects governed, construed and interpreted in accordance with English law and the courts of England and Wales will have non-exclusive jurisdiction to settle any legal action or proceedings arising out of or in connection with this Agreement, including any non-contractual disputes and claims. Nothing in this Term 27(1) will prevent us from bringing proceedings against you in any other jurisdiction. 

(2) If you are situated outside of England and Wales, process by which any proceedings in England are begun may be served on you by being delivered to the address provided by you when you opened your account or to any new address subsequently notified to us. Nothing in this Term affects our right to serve process in another manner permitted by law. 

28. PRIVACY 
(1) You acknowledge that by opening an account with us and providing us with Instructions to Deal, you will be providing us with personal information within the meaning of the Data Protection Act 1998 or the General Data Protection Regulation (679/2016) when it enters into force or any other similar applicable legislation. You consent to us processing all such information for the purposes of performing the contract and administering the relationship between you and us. You acknowledge and agree that this may result in your personal information being sent outside the European Economic Area. You consent to our processing and disclosing such information in accordance with this Agreement and our Privacy Notice as published on our website(s), as may be updated from time to time. 

(2) You authorise us, or our agents acting on our behalf, to carry out such credit and identity checks as we may deem necessary or desirable. You acknowledgeand agree that this may result in your personal information being sent to our agents, who may be within or outside the European Economic Area. You agree that we will be permitted, if so required, to furnish relevant information concerning you or your account to any person who we believe to be seeking a reference or credit reference in good faith. 

(3) In the event that we are 
(a) subject to negotiations for the sale of our business (whole or part of); or 
(b) sold to a third party or undergo a re-organisation, you agree that any of your personal information which we hold may be disclosed to such party (or its advisors) as part of any due diligence process for the purpose of analysing any proposed sale or re-organisation or transferred to that re-organised entity or third party and used for the same purposes as you have agreed to under this Agreement. 

29. DEFINITIONS AND INTERPRETATION DEFINITIONS 
(1) In this Agreement: 
‘Agreement’ means this agreement and any (if any) schedules, the Product Details, any ancillary documents referred to herein and any amendments thereto. For the avoidance of doubt this agreement supersedes and replaces any previous customer agreement in force between you and us which dealt with Instruction to Deal, Transactions and the holding of Instruments by us on your behalf; 
‘Applicable Regulations’ means:
(a) the FCA Rules; 
(b) Rules of a relevant regulatory authority; 
(c) the rules of the relevant Exchange; 
(d) the Rules of the relevant settlement system; and 
(e) all other applicable laws, rules and regulations as in force from time to time, as applicable to this Agreement, any Instruction to Deal, any Transactions, the holding of Instruments by us on your behalf or our Electronic Trading Services; 

‘Associated Company’ means in relation to an entity, any holding company or subsidiary company (as defined in the Companies Act 2006 (as amended)), from time to time, of that entity and/or any subsidiary company of any such holding company; 
‘BaseCurrency’ is GBP; 
‘ business day’ means any day other than a Saturday, Sunday and a public holiday in the UK;

‘Buy’ has the meaning attributed to it in Term 4(1); 
‘Charges’ any transaction or account costs, fees or other charges including custody fees,
notified to you from time to time; 
‘Client Assets Rules’ means the provisions of the FCA Rules that relate to assets held by us from clients; 
‘Client Money Rules’ means the provisions of the FCA Rules that relate to money received by us from clients; 
‘Commission’ has the meaning attributed to it in Term 5(2); 
‘Conflicts Policy’ means a document that identifies all potential conflicts of interest with clients and describes all our organisational and administrative controls to manage such conflicts of interest such that we can be reasonably confident that risks of damage to clients because of any conflict will be prevented; 
‘Currency’ shall be construed to include any unit of account; ‘dollars’ and ‘$’ denote lawful currency of the United States; 
‘Electronic Trading Services’ means any electronic services (together with any related software or application) including but not limited to any mobile application accessible by whatever means we offer including without limitation trading, direct market access order routing or information services that we grant you access to or make available to you either directly or through a third party service provider, and used by you to view information and/or issue Instructions to Deal and ‘Electronic Trading Service’ shall mean any one of those services; 
‘Eligible Counterparty’ has the meaning given to this term in the FCA Rules; 
‘Event of Default’ has the meaning attributed to it in Term 17(1); 
‘Exchange’ means any securities exchange, clearing house, self-regulatory organisations, alternative trading system, organised trading facility, or Multilateral Trading Facility as the context may require from time to time; 
‘FATCA’ means the US Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act; ‘FCA’ means the Financial Conduct Authority or any organisation that will replace the FCA or take over the conduct of its affairs; 
‘FCA Rules’ means the rules of the FCA as from time to time varied, amended or substituted
by the FCA; 
‘Force Majeure Event’ has the meaning attributed to it in Term 22(1); 
‘Instruction to Deal’ means an instruction by you for us to Buy or Sell any Instrument on your behalf including, for the avoidance of doubt, an Order; 
'Instrument’ means any Share, bond or other debt instrument, gilt, investment trust, unit trust or other security or investment in respect of which we offer to deal in Transactions; 
‘Limit Order’ means an order to buy or sell a specific Instrument at a specified price limit or better. For example, an instruction to sell an Instrument at a price that is higher than the current Underlying Market price or an instruction to buy an Instrument a price that is lower than the current Underlying Market price; 
‘Losses’ has the meaning attributed to it in Term 16(6); 
‘Market Maker’ means a firm that provides on request buy and sell prices for an Instrument; 
‘MiFID’ means Directive 2004/39/EC of the European Parliament and the Council of 21 April 2004 on markets in financial instruments; 
‘Multilateral Trading Facility’ means a multilateral trading system operated by an investment firm or market operator which brings together multiple third-party  buyers and sellers in financial instruments and which is subject to non- discretionary rules;  
‘Order’ means any order supported by us or the relevant Exchange that we make available to you; 
‘Order Execution Policy’ means a document that describes all of our order execution arrangements in place to ensure that, when executing an order, we take all reasonable steps to obtain the best possible results for clients in accordance with the FCA Rules; 
‘pounds’ and ‘£’ denote lawful currency of the United Kingdom; 
‘Privacy Notice’ means the document that details how we manage and use your personal information, when and how it may be disclosed, how you may apply for details of the information relating to you that is held by us and other matters relevant to the same; 
‘ProductDetails’ means the section of the public pages of our website designated as the Product Details as amended from time to time; 
‘Professional Client’ has the meaning given to this term in the FCA Rules; 
‘Relevant Person’ has the meaning given to this term in the FCA Rules; 
b has the meaning given to this term in the FCA Rules;
‘Retail Service Provider’ means a firm that provides on request buy and sell prices for an Instrument;
‘Risk Disclosure Notice’ means the notice provided by us to you in compliance with FCA Rules regarding the risks associated with Buying and Selling Instruments under this Agreement;
‘Rules’ means articles, rules, regulations, procedures, policies and customs, as in force from time to time;
‘Security Details’ means one or more user identification codes, digital certificates, passwords, authentication codes, API keys, or such other information or devices (electronic or otherwise), to enable your access to any Electronic Trading Services;
‘Sell’ has the meaning attributed to it in Term 4(1);
‘Shares’ means equity shares, exchange traded commodities and exchange traded funds;
‘Statement’ means a written confirmation of any Transaction e.g. a contract note, any Orders that you set and/or edit, and any Commission and other applicable Charges and Taxes that weapply;
‘Summary Conflicts Policy’ means a summary of the main terms of our Conflicts Policy as it applies to Retail Clients;
‘Summary Order Execution Policy’ means a summary of the main terms of our Order Execution Policy as it applies to Retail Clients;
‘Sums’ has the meaning attributed to it in Term 16(7);
‘Suspend’ has the meaning given to it in Term 23(1) and Term 25(1), and ‘Suspension’ and ‘Suspended’ has a corresponding meaning;
‘System’ means all computer hardware and software, applications, equipment, network facilities and other resources and facilities needed to enable you to use an Electronic Trading Service;
‘Taxes’ means any taxes or levies including stamp duty, stamp duty reserve tax (SDRT), financial transaction taxes and/or other applicable taxes or levies notified to you from time to time;
‘Trading Partner’ means any person with whom we have a contractual relationship,
for example a joint venture relationship, partnership relationship, agency relationship or introducing broker relationship;
‘Transaction’ means the partial or full fill of your Instruction to Deal; and
‘Underlying Market’ means an Exchange, Market Maker, Retail Service Provider and/or other similar body and/or liquidity pool on which an Instrument is traded or trading as the context requires.

INTERPRETATION
(2) A referenceto:
(a) a Term is a reference to a term of this Agreement;
(b) an Act of Parliament is a reference to such Act as from time to time amended, consolidated or re-enacted (with or without modification) and includes all instruments or orders made under such enactment;
(c) any time or date will be to the time and date in London, England,unless expressly noted to the contrary; and
(d) the singular will import the plural and the masculine will import the feminine as the context requires.
(3) Priority of documents: in the event of any conflict between this Agreement and any Schedule or ancillary document referred to in this Agreement, the order of precedence for construction shall be:
(a) Supplementary Schedule of Conditions for Eligible Counterparties (if applicable);
(b) this Agreement;
(c) Product Details; and
(d) any other ancillary documents referred to in this Agreement. means all computer hardware and software, applications, equipment, network facilities and other resources and facilities needed to enable you to use an Electronic Trading Service;
‘Taxes’ means any taxes or levies including stamp duty, stamp duty reserve tax (SDRT), financial transaction taxes and/or other applicable taxes or levies notified to you from time to time;
‘Trading Partner’ means any person with whom we have a contractual relationship, for example a joint venture relationship, partnership relationship, agency relationship or introducing broker relationship;
‘Transaction’ means the partial or full fill of your Instruction to Deal; and
‘Underlying Market’ means an Exchange, Market Maker, Retail Service Provider
and/or other similar body and/or liquidity pool on which an Instrument is traded
or trading as the context requires.